The skin is the largest, and the most sensitive external organ in the human body. That is the precise reason that these days, a lot of women start seeing the signs of ageing right in their mid 20s, by the time they reach 30, the signs become prominent. Because of the increasingly unhealthy lifestyle choices, irregular sleeping patterns, and pollution in the environment, we unknowingly subject our skin to a lot of damage everyday. Add to that, the diminishing production of collagen and elastin in the skin, the damage fixing abilities of the skin also deteriorate.
Most of us then resort to various beauty products that claim to diminish the signs of ageing and help the skin to endure the perils of the modern life. However, it should be kept in mind that since the skin is so fragile, it is imperative to make an informed decision about what you are putting on your skin.
This article will focus on some of the most effective, clinically tested ingredients that are recommended by various dermatologists. Whenever you buy an anti-ageing product, make sure all, or at least most of the following ingredients are present in it:
Retinol is a naturally occurring derivative of vitamin A and is hands down the best, most effective anti ageing chemical known to mankind. It is proven to treat fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots, sagging skin, and dark circles.
Retinol speeds up the cell regeneration in the skin and cleans out dead cells from the deepest layers of the epidermis. Additionally, retinol also increases the blood vessel formation inside the skin, essentially improving blood flow and making skin appear healthier and plump.
Simply put, antioxidants provide effective protection against environmental damage. These work on the deepest levels to root out, and neutralise the free radicals formed in the skin due to air pollution and UV radiation. Free radicals are compounds that are responsible for the damage caused to the collagen and elastin reserves. Antioxidants react with these compounds and turn them into harmless compounds that can be later washed away.
It is best to look for products that have a combination of multiple antioxidants, as different compounds attack the free radicals in varying intensity and manners. Additionally , some antioxidants also promote the natural collagen and elastin production in the skin.
These small chains of amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein, help replenish the collagen and elastin levels inside the skin. These proteins are integral to the elasticity and firmness of the skin. Peptides also promote the natural production of collagen and elastin in the skin layers, essentially reducing wrinkles, fine lines and other similar signs of ageing.
The Alpha Hydroxy group of acids (AHAs) consists of glycolic, lactic, citric, and tartaric acids. These exfoliate the skin, getting rid of all impurities and dead skin cells, these acids effectively reduce age spots, dark circles, wrinkles and many other signs of ageing.
It is important to remember that these are strong acids and for that reason, products with mild concentration should be used. If you are using a peel at home, look for something that has the AHA concentration of about 5%-10%.
Sunscreen is more about prevention of damage to the skin than repairing it. As the name suggests, sunscreen blocks harmful UV radiations emitting for the sun that responsible for destroying elastin and collagen reserves and forming harmful free radicals inside the epidermis.
The above mentioned ingredients are the superstars among anti ageing compounds. These are the most effective and safe anti ageing ingredients. However, some of these are quite strong and sometimes, acidic and should be used very carefully. Always check for these ingredients in your skin care products and strictly adhere to the instructions on the pack for best results.